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188体育平台体育_遗传研究揭秘人类的潜在寿命

发布时间:2020-09-13 00:01:01来源:188体育平台编辑:188体育平台阅读: 当前位置:首页 > 灵异恐怖 > 手机阅读

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【188体育app】A study presented at the just-finished American Society of Human Genetics 2018 Annual Meeting in San Diego reported a way to estimate whether an individual can expect to live longer or shorter than average.前不久,在圣地亚哥举办的2018年美国人类遗传学会年会上,一项研究报导了一种方法,可评估个体真是比平均寿命更长或更加较短。An international research group studied the effect of genetic variations on lifespan across the human genome, which could improve our understanding of the diseases and cellular pathways involved in aging.国际研究小组研究了遗传变异对整个人类基因组寿命的影响,或能提升我们对老年疾病以及与年老涉及的细胞通路的理解。In the largest ever genome-wide association study of lifespan, the researchers paired genetic data from more than 500,000 participants in the United Kingdom Biobank and other cohorts with data on the lifespan of each participants parents.在这项有史以来规模仅次于的全基因组与寿命的关联研究中,研究员将来自英国生物银行和其它来源的50多万名参与者的遗传数据与每位参与者父母的寿命数据展开筛选。

They didn t study the effects of one or more selected genes on lifespan, but looked across the whole genome to answer the question in a more open-ended way. The papers first author Paul Timmers from the University of Edinburgh said that because the effect of any given gene is so small, the large sample size was necessary to identify genes relevant to lifespan.他们没研究一个或多个指定基因对寿命的影响,而是仔细观察了整个基因组,以一种更加对外开放的方式问了这个问题。该论文的第一作者保罗·蒂默尔斯来自爱丁堡大学,他说,因为任一一个等价基因的影响较小,所以必须大量样本来确认与寿命涉及的基因。They confirmed six previously identified associations between genes and aging, such as the APOE gene, and they also disc188体育平台overed 21 new genomic regions that influence lifespan. Using their results to develop a polygenic risk score for lifespan, they developed a single, personalized genomic score that estimates a persons genetic likelihood of a longer life.他们证实了先前早已确认的基因与年老之间不存在的六个关联性,如APOE基因,他们还找到了21个影响生命周期的新的基因组区域。

研究员利用研究结果研发了一个用作生命周期的多基因风险评分体系,这是一个单一的、个性化的基因组评分,可评估一个人长寿的遗传可能性。Using a persons genetic information alone, we can identify the 10 percent of people with the most protective genes, who will live an average of five years longer than the least protected 10 percent, said Timmers.只需一个人的遗传信息,我们就可以确认出有10%具备最多维护基因的人群。

平均值而言,他们比10%最不受保护的人群多活5年。Also, they wanted to know whether genetic variants were affecting the aging process directly or affecting risk of individual diseases that could lead to death. They found that among common variants, those found in at least one in 200 people that are associated with Alzheimers disease, heart disease, and smoking-related conditions were linked to overall lifespan.此外,他们还想要告诉遗传变异否不会对凋亡过程产生直接影响,亦或影响有可能丧命的个别疾病的风险。他们找到:在少见变异体中,与阿尔茨海默症、心脏病以及吸烟涉及的0.5%的变异体会影响整体寿命。

188体育平台体育

188体育平台体育

However, they did not find lifespan associations for other cancers, suggesting that susceptibility to death caused by other cancers is due to rarer genetic variants or the environment.然而,他们没找到癌症与寿命涉及,这指出:其它癌症引发的丧生有可能是少见的遗传变异或环境导致的。_188体育app。

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